Measurements: ESL Vocab
Laura Cathey, 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which means anyone is free to share and use this content. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Units of measurement (distance, area):
1. Inch/inches
Inches are divided into fractions, not decimals.
Common divisions are 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, and 1/16.
Inches notation: "
2. Foot/feet
12 inches in a foot.
Feet are not divided into fractions or decimals – use inches.
Feet notation: '
3. Yard/yards
3 feet in a yard.
Yards are not divided into fractions or decimals – use feet or inches.
4. Square foot/square feet
100 square feet in a 10'x10' (read: ten BY ten) room.
Square feet are not divided into fractions or decimals – round instead.
Square feet notation: sf or ft^2
Practice:
Take objects in the room (notebook, desk, door, pencil, etc). Ask the student to estimate first, then measure them with measuring tape:
What's the length/width/height/depth/square footage/size of...?
How long/wide/high/tall/deep/big is...? How many square feet is...?
Review A:
If you designed a lamp, what would the diameter of the base be? How long would the cord be?
How tall am I approximately? (Human height is measured in feet and inches, written as #'#", said as # “foot” #.)
How long are my fingernails? The whites?
Review B:
Show me with your hands:
6 inches
2 feet
half an inch
Walk off 25 square feet.
How tall are you?
Review C:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Litchfield_Towers_Daderot_cp.jpg
How tall are the Towers? (multiple choice question)
200 ft
10 yards
200 inches
200 tablespoons
If a football field is 100 yards long, how many feet is that?
How would you estimate the square footage of this room? http://www.likecool.com/Gear/Projects/A%20Room%20With%20a%20View%20From%20Above/A-Room-With-a-View-From-Above-3.jpg
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Measuring grade/pitch/slope
Basic explanation of grade: http://www.firefightermath.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=40&Itemid=54
Table of slopes: https://www.archtoolbox.com/measurements/geometry/slope.html
Notation used by different professions: http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showpost.php?s=3c704e45cad8a2486e71b5d1e5ea8324&p=9983464&postcount=4
Examples in context:
Sidewalk: Section 4.2 and 4.2.1 https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/sidewalk2/sidewalks204.cfm#sid1
Roof: https://www.homebuilding.co.uk/getting-the-right-pitch/
Excavation Site (video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68w-NTs83hQ
Landscaping/gardening: http://www.landscape-design-advice.com/landscaping-steep-slopes.html